Tridecyl alcohol ethoxylate uses
Category : Tridecyl alcohol ethoxylate uses
Fatty alcohols or long-chain alcohols are usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcoholsbut can also range from as few as 4—6 carbons to as many as 22—26, derived from natural fats and oils.
TRIDECYL ALCOHOL ETHOXYLATE
The precise chain length varies with the source. They are colourless oily liquids for smaller carbon numbers or waxy solids, although impure samples may appear yellow.
Fatty alcohols usually have an even number of carbon atoms and a single alcohol group —OH attached to the terminal carbon. Some are unsaturated and some are branched. They are widely used in industry. As with fatty acids, they are often referred to generically by the number of carbon atoms in the molecule, such as "a C 12 alcohol", that is an alcohol having 12 carbons, for example dodecanol. Most fatty alcohols in nature are found as waxes which are esters with fatty acids and fatty alcohols.
They were originally obtained by reduction of wax esters with sodium by the Bouveault—Blanc reduction process. In the s catalytic hydrogenation was commercialized, which allowed the conversion of fatty acid esters, typically tallowto the alcohols.
In the s and s, petrochemicals became an important source of chemicals, and Karl Ziegler had discovered the polymerization of ethylene. These two developments opened the way to synthetic fatty alcohols. The traditional sources of fatty alcohols have largely been various vegetable oils and these remain a large-scale feedstock. Animal fats tallow were of historic importance, particularly whale oilhowever they are no longer used on a large scale.
Tallows produce a fairly narrow range of alcohols, predominantly C 16 —C 18the chain lengths from plant sources are more variable C 6 —C 24 making them the preferred source. The alcohols are obtained from the triglycerides fatty acid triesterswhich form the bulk of the oil. The process involves the transesterification of the triglycerides to give methyl esters which are then hydrogenated to give the fatty alcohols. Midcut alcohols are obtained from coconut oil C 12 —C 14 or palm kernel oil C 16 —C Fatty alcohols are also prepared from petrochemical sources.
In the Ziegler processethylene is oligomerized using triethylaluminium followed by air oxidation. This process affords even-numbered alcohols:. Alternatively ethylene can be oligomerized to give mixtures of alkenes, which are subjected to hydroformylationthis process affording odd-numbered aldehyde, which is subsequently hydrogenated. For example, from 1-decene, hydroformylation gives the C 11 alcohol:. In the Shell higher olefin processthe chain-length distribution in the initial mixture of alkene oligomers is adjusted so as to more closely match market demand.
Shell does this by means of an intermediate metathesis reaction. Fatty alcohols are mainly used in the production of detergents and surfactants. They are components also of cosmeticsfoods, and as industrial solvents. Due to their amphipathic nature, fatty alcohols behave as nonionic surfactants. They find use as co- emulsifiersemollients and thickeners in cosmetics and food industry.
Very long-chain fatty alcohols VLCFAobtained from plant waxes and beeswax have been reported to lower plasma cholesterol in humans. They can be found in unrefined cereal grains, beeswax, and many plant-derived foods.
Studies of fatty alcohol metabolism in fibroblasts suggest that very long-chain fatty alcohols, fatty aldehydesand fatty acids are reversibly inter-converted in a fatty alcohol cycle.
Fatty alcohols are relatively benign materials, with LD 50 oral, rat ranging from 3. Tests of acute and repeated exposures have revealed a low level of toxicity from inhalation, oral or dermal exposure of fatty alcohols. Fatty alcohols are not very volatile and the acute lethal concentration is greater than the saturated vapor pressure.
Short-chain fatty alcohols are considered eye irritants, while long chain alcohols are not. Repeated exposure to fatty alcohols produce low-level toxicity and certain compounds in this category can cause local irritation on contact or low-grade liver effects essentially linear alcohols have a slightly higher rate of occurrence of these effects.
No effects on the central nervous system have been seen with inhalation and oral exposure. Tests of repeated bolus dosages of 1-hexanol and 1-octanol showed potential for CNS depression and induced respiratory distress. No potential for peripheral neuropathy has been found.End applications include. Fatty alcohol ethoxylates Products.
Carbon length. EO 5 MOL. Clear liquid. EO 7 MOL. EO 10 MOL. Nonionic surfactant mixture prepared by reacting branched fatty alcohols with ethylene oxide. CAS NO. MOL WT. Health: 0 Flammability: 1 Reactivity: 0. Stable under ordinary conditions. Fatty alcohol ethoxylates, clear to yellowish liquid to waxy solids depending on alkyl chain length and the number of ethoxy groups, are non ionic surfactants which contain both hydrophobic tail portion fatty alcohol part and hydrophilic polar head groups ethoxy chain partand are thus tend to dissolve in both aqueous and oil phase and to reduce the surface tension of liquids.
Ethylene oxide also called epoxyethane and oxirane is the simplest cyclic ether or epoxide, with the formula C 2 H 4 O; reactive material which is added to the base of alcohols or amines to form ethoxylated surfactants.
More hydrophilic groups enable more solubility in water as more hydrogen bondings exist. They are non-ionic in solution which has no electrical charge, which means well-work in hard water at low temperatures as well as stability in acid and alkali solution and compatibility with other surfactants.
Generally, surfactant's name are formed by adding the mole number of ethylene oxide. There is a wide HLB range depend their molar ratios between fatty alcohol and E.
The very low 2, 2. Slightly higher mole ratio products are used as wetting agent. The E. O surfactants of moles ratio with alcohol are suitable for detergent application. Higher moles ratio products are emulsifiers. Their 3 representative functions are as wetting agent, detergency and emulsifier.
Alkyl Alcohol ethoxylate. Alkyl Alcohol C6-C12 ethoxylates.Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been known to react with the absorbent listed below. More info about absorbents, including situations to watch out for What is this information? Department of Transportation hazard labels, and a general description of the chemical. The Hazard fields include special hazard alerts air and water reactions, fire hazards, health hazards, a reactivity profile, and details about reactive groups assignments and potentially incompatible absorbents.
Containers may explode when heated. Some may be transported hot. For UNbe aware of possible short circuiting as this product is transported in a charged state. ERG, Liquid causes eye injury and de-fats the skin, causing irritation.
USCG, The ether being relatively unreactive. They react with oxoacids and carboxylic acids to form esters plus water. Oxidizing agents convert alcohols to aldehydes or ketones. Alcohols exhibit both weak acid and weak base behavior. They may initiate the polymerization of isocyanates and epoxides.
Alcohols and Polyols Ethers. Cellulose-Based Absorbents. The Response Recommendation fields include isolation and evacuation distances, as well as recommendations for firefighting, non-fire response, protective clothing, and first aid. Excerpt from ERG Guide [Substances Low to Moderate Hazard ]: As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area in all directions for at least 50 meters feet for liquids and at least 25 meters 75 feet for solids.Fatty alcohols contain oxidized impurities, such as carbonyls.
Decolorization technologies had been developed which permit for:. Advanced effects are commonly obtained through pre-remedy of the alcohol.
The largest outlet for the polyoxyethlene alcohol within the future will be in the formulations of cleaners house keep and industrial use. They may be compound as liquid, powders, pastes, or brass depending upon the unique utility, laundry-detergent formulation, automated-dishwashing gadget detergent, hand washing system, solid difficult-floor dry powder system, ground purifier and wax stripper liquid formula and waterless hand cleanser system.
Lauryl Alcohol Ethoxylates are biodegradable nonionic surfactants composed of ethylene oxide adduct of Lauryl Alcohol. Lauryl Alcohol Ethoxylates vary in physical appearancefrom clean or barely hazy, colorless beverages to white solids, relying upon the level of ethoxylation. In general, with growth in the ethylene oxide chain attached to the Lauryl Alcohol hydrophobe will increase the HLB cost water solubilitypour point, cloud factor, density, viscosity, and flash point of the ethoxylate.
If you are curious more about household alcohol and any other acid, please visit our website. There are lots of information available. You can give us a call any time regarding anything, we are always ready to help. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account.
Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Skip to content Open Menu Home About. Search for: Close. Decolorization technologies had been developed which permit for: Pre-treatment of the fatty alcohol uncooked material Remedy in the course of ethoxylation Submit-treatment of the ethoxylate Advanced effects are commonly obtained through pre-remedy of the alcohol. Residence hold Surfactants The largest outlet for the polyoxyethlene alcohol within the future will be in the formulations of cleaners house keep and industrial use.
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Interesting Fact About Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylates
Like this: Like Loading Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:. Email required Address never made public. Name required. Post to Cancel. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use.Isotridecyl Alcohol, Ethoxylated uses and applications include: Surfactant for degreasing formulations for pre-treatment of metals, automotive parts, car washing shampoos, household laundry detergents, silver cleaners.
Specialty Chemicals. Enter a chemical name, synonym or CAS below to search. Isotridecyl Alcohol, Ethoxylated For more information call or email info parchem.
Inquire with a Quick Quote. Isotridecyl Alcohol, Ethoxylated. Get A Quick Quote. Product Description. Typical Product Specifications. Download product spec. For more information call or email info parchem.Ethoxylated surfactants & 1,4 dioxane
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Contact us! How can we help you today? Become an approved Parchem supplier by completing our Supplier Registration form. Thank you!Alcohol Ethoxylates are non-ionic surfactants that are regularly used for hand meal liquids, shampoos, lathering control reps, fabric applications, as well as various other specialized surfactants.
Gujchem offerings may be somewhat different around the globe to fulfill local laws as well as client needs. Kindly speak with your Account Executive or closest Gujchem local workplace to validate availability of items to serve your needs.
Gujchem has different varieties of Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylates like Lauryl Alcoholic beverages Ethoxylate, lauryl alcohol ethoxylate, decyl alcohol ethoxylate, tridecyl alcohol ethoxylate, cetostearyl alcohol ethoxylate — Cetreth, cetyl alcohol ethoxylate, Stearyl stearyl alcohol ethoxylate, behenyl alcohol ethoxylate as well as Oleyl Liquor Ethoxylate having wide range of applications in different sectors such as pharmaceutical, automobile, emulsion polymerization, paint, agrochemical and also various other industries.
Customer is request to send in their particular mole demand in order to discuss the specifications and also other information. Gujchem are alkyl poly glycol ethers stemmed from a variety of straight and branched chain and also primary alcohol, second and also oxo alcohol which are below.
Minimal participants are likewise available based upon alternate alcoholics beverages, based on business quantities. Fatty Alcoholic beverages Ethoxylate is a clear liquefied element based upon the elements Fatty Alcoholic beverages FA from the oleochemical chain and Ethylene Oxide EO from the petrochemical chain.
Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylates are made use of as difficult surface area cleaner, for sulphonation to Sodium Lauryl Ether Sulphates SLESdetergents, cleaners, dishwashing, individual care e.
We additionally have a package of alkoxylated alcohols. These are alcoholics beverages which have been partially ethoxylated as well as propoxylated. These block polymers are low-foaming and also in a lot of cases secure in a very alkaline atmosphere. The alcoholic beverages framework, likewise called the lipophilic tail or alkyl chain, consist mostly of an alkyl chain varying from carbon atoms.
The efficiency features of the EF FAE Collection products are established by the alkyl chain length and degrees of ethoxylation used in the reaction process.
EF FAE Series products vary from clear fluids to waxy solids, depending upon the alkyl chain length and the variety of oxyethylene teams existing. The size of the alkyl chain length modifies the lipophile oil soluble properties of the surfactant.
Isotridecyl Alcohol, Ethoxylated
As opposed to that, the levels of ethoxylation moles of EO influence the solubility water soluble performance. For more technical support in choosing the best EF FAE item for your wanted application, please contact us at sales efmaterials. The broad variety of items, which is adapted very individually to your particular requirements, is based upon short- to lengthy- chained C4 to over C20direct indigenous as well as Zieglerprimarily direct oxo- and branched iso- Guerbetsaturated as well as un- saturated liquors, integrated with the precise setting of the desired degree of ethoxylation.
Alone or in mix with other types of surfactants, our alcoholic ethoxylates can be utilized in a large number of applications: as emulsifiers, in plant protection solutions as well as in steel working, in fabric auxi- liaries, in gloss, paints and also finishes, as distributing agents, in cleaning agents, and so on. You profit from this adaptability in the item range as well as you could get ethoxylates specific to your requi- rements from kilograms.
You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email.Alcohol ethoxylates are a class of compounds that are commonly used throughout many industrial practices and commercial markets.
These compounds are synthesized via the reaction of a fatty alcohol and ethylene oxide, resulting in a molecule that consists of two main components, 1 the oleophilic, carbon-rich, fatty alcohol and 2 the hydrophilic, polyoxyethylene chain. Due the basic structure of these compounds that pair a hydrophobic portion water-hating with a hydrophilic component water-lovingethoxylated alcohols are a versatile class of compounds, commonly referred to as surfactants.
Alcohol ethoxylate surfactants enhance the mixing and solubilization of oil and water by having these contrasting sections within the same compound. With this unique structure, a single molecule can inhabit the interface of two immiscible phases i. By lowering this energy, many novel solution applications can be accessed by increasing the homogeneity of these two previously immiscible phases. Ethoxylated alcohols can vary widely in their properties and applications because the materials used to make these products can vary in their structures and amounts.
For instance, fatty alcohols, which are commonly sourced from natural materials, can provide different structures depending on the plant from which they were extracted. Common natural sources of fatty alcohols include the palm oil tree including both palm oil and palm kernel oiloils from the coconut tree, and the oil from rapeseed. Each of these natural sources differs in its distribution of carbon chains, making an alcohol ethoxylate from coconut oil alcohol different from an ethoxylated alcohol made from the alcohol of a palm kernel oil.
Oxiteno offers a wide array of ethoxylated alcohols that have been sourced from natural materials Alcohol Ethoxylateseach of which provide a unique set of application properties. Additionally, fatty alcohols can also be synthesized from petroleum products, providing unique structures in the hydrophobic moiety that are not commonly observed in nature. Alternatively, the length of the polyoxyethylene component i. Ranging in arbitrary units ofthe HLB of a nonionic surfactant can be calculated and used to determine the propensity of a compound to work effectively in a given solution of oil and water.
Alcohol ethoxylates are used in a wide variety of industrial and commercial settings. Because these compounds are surfactants, they can be used whenever oily substances come into contact with water or a surface. Ethoxylated alcohols can be used as detergents, wetting agents, emulsifiers, degreasers and emollients in many lines of commercially available products and industrial practices.
Feel free to contact Oxiteno for any technical, questions at our contact page. Oxiteno is one of the industrial leaders that specializes in making alcohol ethoxylates throughout the Americas. The ability to manufacture these products to conform to the necessary regulations to ensure a safe product that has minimal impact on the environment requires a company that has the manufacturing capabilities and correct mindset to safely engineer these compounds that affect our everyday lives.
Oxiteno recognizes that having the global infrastructure is not enough to ensure the sustainability and well-being of our planet, which is why the people of Oxiteno are committed to making safer, more environmentally friendly products for all markets served. Industrial collaboration is a key component to the production of effective and environmentally safe surfactants.
What Is Alcohol Ethoxylate? Posted On: August 21, Share this post. Facebook LinkedIn.